Education, technology and concern for the future - this is a universal recipe from the Swedes. This formula allows you to turn garbage and landfills into energy and new products. Today, only 7% of waste is sent to municipal landfills, but what we do with the remaining 93% we will now tell.
"The garbage is over in Sweden!"
"Scandinavians are ready to import the waste of their neighbors!"
A few months ago, tabloids all over the world broke into a whirlwind of such headlines. The Swedes shocked the planet. At this time, not a victory at Eurovision or the World Hockey Championship, but with a brilliant attitude to its nature. It turned out that they combined the impossible: they cleaned the environment and made money on it! But this is exactly how it should be in the 21st century. Let's take a closer look.
The secret lies in mathematically verified processing of waste of all types, which are carefully collected and separated. The main achievement of the country is the total education and upbringing of the population. For half a century, the Scandinavians have formed an awareness of the fragility of nature and the destructive impact of man. As a result, today:
• in each family there are 6-7 buckets, each of which is designed strictly for a certain type of waste (metal, paper, plastic, glass, and there is also a garbage can that cannot be recycled);
• there are almost no landfills, and those that have survived - they occupy a minimum area;
• waste became fuel.
At some point, perennial forward movements gave a tangible result: any schoolchild in Sweden knows that from his empty mineral water bottle they will make a new bottle 7 more times during processing. And after the waste plastic will go to the power plant and converted into kilowatt-hours. Stockholm today is 45% powered by recycled waste.
It is better to collect garbage separately than to scatter it around you. What do you think?
In the kindergarten, children in a game form are taught to throw garbage properly. Then this “game” is explained scientifically. The result is clean streets, beautiful nature and excellent ecology.
Sweden has an extensive network of recycling station. They are specialized and accessible to all residents. Delivery of waste is carried out by transport, equipped for a specific cargo. In 1961, a unique project was launched in Sweden - an underground duct for transporting garbage. Once a day, garbage is thrown under the influence of a strong air flow through the tunnel system to the recycling station. Here it is filtered, compressed and either utilized or recycled further.
Large debris (TV, building materials, furniture) is taken to the stations, where they are dismantled, carefully sorted in parts. These parts are bought by manufacturers and produce new TV, building materials and furniture.
Also come with chemicals. The household chemicals recycling station separates the elements and sends them further - either for recycling or for secondary production. At the gas stations, specialized eco-stations operate to collect waste oil and other chemicals. Garbage collection points are located within walking distance. Large stations place at the rate of 1 station per 10-15 thousand inhabitants. Services of all processing stations are free for the population. This is a state-owned long-term development project and is funded by the government and private companies.
“Deconstruction” is the name for the demolition program for buildings and structures in Sweden. The old house is broken down into segments that are transported to a processing plant. So from used building materials receive new, fully consistent with quality standards.
Swedes encourage separate collection of garbage "ruble" (crown, euro - this is not so important). Even in a small village, you can see a special device in which you can put a plastic bottle and immediately “convert” it into hard currency. In fact, you return the money that the manufacturer includes in the price of the product for the container - you only spend on the product itself. Brilliant, isn't it?
15 environmental targets in Sweden
1999 year. The government of the northern country accepts a list of 15 points, which are designed to make the state clean and favorable for people.
1. Clean air
2. High quality groundwater
3. Sustainable lakes and channels
4. Natural state of wetlands
5. Balanced marine environment
6. Sustainable coastal areas and archipelagoes
7. No eutrophication, only natural oxidation.
8. Forest richness and diversity
9. Stable agricultural land
10. Majestic mountain areas
11. Good urban environment
12. Non-toxic environment
13. Radiation safety
14. Protective ozone layer
15. Reduced climate impact
The goal is to complete the list by 2020. Have you made your to-do list for the future? Do you know many countries that make such lists for themselves?
The introduction of the latest technological solutions at all stages of the collection, sorting and recycling of garbage has led to the fact that Sweden has become dependent on regular receipt of garbage. The houses of the population are heated by burning waste exactly, as the energy system works on this type of fuel (to a large extent). Fortunately, the neighbors have expressed willingness to help - Norway is ready to supply up to 800 thousand tons of garbage annually.
Incinerators have a reduced rate of harmful elements that enter the atmosphere (up to 1%). The ecological footprint of this approach to the organization of society’s life is minimal.
And the words of the Swedish Prime Minister Stefan Loffen, which he voiced at the UN General Assembly, are not so utopian now. Loffen said that his country wants to become the first state in the world to abandon fossil fuels.
By 2020, it is planned to transfer urban public transport to vehicles operating on biogas produced from sewage and food industry waste.
Russian Federation: about 60 million tons of municipal solid waste every year. 400 kg per inhabitant of the country. According to Avfall Sverige, in 2015 each Swede produced 478 kg of garbage. In total, more than 4 million tons of garbage is generated annually in the country.
The processing level is 7-8%. 90% of garbage is stored in open dumps. Domestic experts studied the Swedish experience (by the way, the country invites experts from around the world and is ready to share its technologies and experience in waste management) and the movement towards recycling and recycling of waste begins to be traced.
According to the latest data in Sweden, the situation with garbage is as follows:
• recycles again - 50.6%,
• burns for energy production - 48.6%,
• sends to landfills - 0.8%.
Up to 2 million tons of their garbage is burned annually. In 2015, Sweden imported and recycled 1.3 million tons of waste from the UK, Ireland and Norway.
“Zero waste” is our motto. We would prefer to generate less waste, and all the waste that is generated is somehow reused. There is no limit to perfection, and we are passionate about this process. ”
This is a statement by Wayne Wikvist, the head of the association for waste and recycling.
The Swedes opened the world of science fiction. They approached the issue of ecology with full responsibility, combining the education of society, industrial technology and scientific achievements in a single force. So they cleared their country of garbage - and now they help others. Someone business, someone advice. Until every person realizes his role in the growth of landfills, we will only have to look at the Scandinavians and admire them.
These interesting facts may be of interest to you to take your mind off work and turn your attention to more pleasant questions related to shopping and pleasant shopping.
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